44, rue Laurens Ravanel

34500 - Béziers

04.67.62.80.80

contact@vetdomitia.fr

Du lundi au samedi

De 8h30 à 12h et de 14h à 19h
Accueil » Medical Imagery » Veterinary Scanner

Veterinary Scanner

The clinic is equipped with a Scanner Helical Lightspeed Ultra 8 cuts General Electrics.

The examinations and image acquisitions made and read at the clinic are systematically transmitted via digital network to the Centre d’Imagerie Médicale et de Cancérologie Vétérinaire Eiffelvet in Paris for immediate interpretation by a veterinary scanner who is the author of the first veterinary computed tomography atlas “GUIDE PRATIQUE DU SCANNER EN MÉDECINE ET CHIRURGIE VÉTÉRINAIRE CANINE ET FÉLINE” by Olivier KERAVEL.

A detailed report of the examination is given to the patient’s owner as well as to his attending veterinarian. This report is accompanied by a summary film and a CD or DVD containing all the images produced.

Principles

Computer-assisted axial tomography, otherwise known as X-ray scanning or simply scanning, is a medical imaging technique that allows radiographic images to be taken in anatomical sections perpendicular to the axis of the patient's body.

 

 

Axial Cuts - Lumbosacral Scanner of a dog - Sagital Reformatting. From the patient's native axial cuts, reconstruction software allows reformatting in all other planes (Sagital, Coronal or Oblique). Finally, three-dimensional reconstructions can also be carried out with volume, surface or endoscopic rendering.

Compared to conventional radiography, the scanner thus allows an overlay of anatomical structures and this with a better contrast resolution.

Full body 3D reconstructions with volume rendering

Examination Process

A general anaesthetic is necessary for our four-legged patients: it limits the movements during the examination and allows reliable diagnostic images to be obtained: in fact, the slightest movement can compromise the quality and precision of the image. The animal must be left in the morning on an empty stomach and collected in the evening.

When the animal "sleeps", it is placed on the scanner bed in the appropriate position.

The scanner examination is quick and painless, the animal is exposed only to low doses of radiation.

The anesthesia time is relatively short and the patient is monitored throughout the procedure.

The examination normally takes place in two phases, a first phase of image acquisition called without preparation followed by a second phase after injection of an intravenous iodinated contrast medium. The contrast agent is used to enhance vascular structures and certain tissues (especially tumours). It is the comparison of the two series of images that makes it possible to refine the tomodensitometric diagnosis.

 

Scanner Vétérinaire

Axial Cuts: Thorax Caudal before and after IV

In some cases a contrast agent can also be injected into a particular organ, joint (arthroscanner) or subarachnoid space (myeloscanner) in order to better reveal certain lesions.

Indications

The scanner gives the possibility to diagnose certain pathologies earlier and more precisely than with other imaging techniques (ultrasound or radiography). Like humans, the scanner allows veterinarians to view and examine parts of the body that are usually difficult to assess with conventional x-ray images.

The areas most commonly explored by CT scan in animals are the skull, spine, thorax, abdomen and certain joints such as the elbow or shoulder.

Scanner vétérinaire Nasal Cavities

Jetage and Chronic Rhinitis (runny nose)
Epistaxis (nose bleeds)
Deformities and pains of the muzzle
Recurrent sneezing, reverse sneezing.
Suspicion of Aspergilosis, tumor or foreign body in the nasal cavities.
Sinusitis
Periodontal diseases, Oro-Nasal fistulas (severe dental infections)

Scanner VétérinaireFacial mass

Exophthalmos or asymmetry of the face
Oral pain, difficulty opening or closing the mouth, trismus.
Temporal amyotrophy (muscle wasting)
Claude Bernard Horner Syndrome
Retrobulbar pathology
Facial trauma
Assessment of the extension of tumours on the face

Tympanic bubbles

Exploration of middle and internal ear infections

Peripheral vestibular syndrome
Facial paralysis
Exploration of chronic otitis externa
Suspition of oropharyngeal polyps
Exploration of tumours in the ENT sphere

Encephalon 

Exploration of Epileptic Seizures and Convulsive Syndromes
Exploring unexplained sudden behavioural changes
Exploration of alterations in the state of alertness
Exploring Stroke
Head injuries
Exploration of pituitary Cushing's syndromes
Amaurosis (loss of sight)
Suspension of congenital diseases: Hydrocephaly, occipital dysplasia...
Brain tumor suspension

Neckline

Exploration of cervical fistulas and abscesses
Exploration of salivary and thyroid glands
Exploration of the cervical esophagus
Assessment of the extension of cervico-facial tumours and local-regional lymph nodes

Thorax 

Exploration of the thoracic masses
Exploration of pleural effusions
Research of foreign pulmonary bodies (epillets) and exploration of lung abscesses
Exploration of pneumothorax
Pulmonary extension assessment in oncology
Exploration of congenital aortic arch malformations

Abdomen & Pelvis 

Exploration des masses abdominales et pelviennes
Suspition de corps étranger abdomino-pelviens
Bilan d'extension abdominal en cancérologie
Exploration des Shunts porto-systémiques par angioscanner multiphases
Exploration des organes abdominaux : foie, rate, pancréas, surrénales, reins...
Recherche de corps étrangers rétro-péritonéaux
Exploration des syndromes de Cushing
Exploration de l'arbre urinaire et recherche des ectopies uretérales.

Axial Skeleton

Suspition of acute or chronic herniated discs

Exploration of cervical vertebral instabilities and Wobbler's syndromes
Traumatic assessment, exploration of vertebral fractures
Suspition of discospondylites (infection of discs and vertebral bodies)
Exploration of Ponytail Syndrome
Spinal and paraspinal tumor extension assessment

Skeleton Appendicular

Exploration of elbow arthropathies: Dysplasia, Coronoid, Ancona, Osteochondritis, Incongruence
Exploration of arthropathies of the shoulder: Tenosynovitis, Osteochondritis, Instabilities and lesion of the glenoid bead (arthroscanner)
Exploration of the stifle (knee)
Exploration of the carp and the Tarsus
Bone tumour extension assessment
Exploration of complex fractures: joints, acetabulum

- Regardless of the technique, the risk of anaesthesia accident, however low, remains non-zero.
- Given the injection of Iodine a renal check-up may be necessary
- For older animals a complete pre-anaesthetic check-up may be essential.
- Exceptionally, a severe allergic reaction may occur with the contrast material.